Chen, H., Sick, V., Woodward, M. and Burke, D., “Human Iris 3D Imaging using a micro-Plenoptic Camera,” in OSA Biophotonics Congress: Optics in the Life Sciences. 2017, Optical Society of America: San Diego.

Chen, H. and Sick, V., "Three-Dimensional Three-Component Air Flow Visualization in a Steady-State Engine Flow Bench Using a Plenoptic Camera," SAE 2017-01-0614  (2017)   

Lillo, P., Zhuang, H. and Sick, V. "Topological Development of Homogeneous-Charge and Spray-Guided Stratified-Charge Flames in an Internal Combustion Engine". in 13th International Congress, Engine Combustion Processes, Current Problems and Modern Technologies. 2017. Ludwigsburg, Germany: ESYTEC.

Ma, P. C., Ewan, T., Jainski, C., Lu, L., Dreizler, A., Sick, V. and Ihme, M., "Development and Analysis of Wall Models for Internal Combustion Engine Simulations Using High-speed Micro-PIV Measurements," Flow Turbulence and Combustion  98, 283–309 (2017)    10.1007/s10494-016-9734-5

Ma, P. C., Greene, M., Sick, V. and Ihme, M., "Non-equilibrium wall-modeling for internal combustion engine simulations with wall heat transfer," International Journal of Engine Research  ACCEPTED for publication  (2017)    10.1177/ToBeAssigned

Macdonald, J., Fajardo, C., Greene, M., Reuss, D. and Sick, V., "Two-Point Spatial Velocity Correlations in the Near-Wall Region of a Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engine," SAE 2017-01-613  (2017)   

Zhuang, H., Chen, H. and Sick, V., "Impact of Fuel Sprays on In-Cylinder Flow Length Scales in a Spark-Ignition Direct-Injection Engine," SAE 2017-01-0618  (2017)   



Chen, H. and Sick, V. "Volume-resolved gas velocity and spray measurements in engine applications". in 12th International Symposium on Combustion Diagnostics. 2016. Baden-Baden, Germany: AVL Deutschland.

Chen, H., Lillo, P. M. and Sick, V., "Three-dimensional spray-flow interaction in a spark-ignition direct-injection engine," International Journal of Engine Research  17 (1), 129 - 138 (2016) 10.1177/1468087415608741

Ihme, M., Ma, P. C., Greene, M., Sick, V., Jainski, C. and Dreizler, A. "Non-equilibrium wall-modeling for simulations of internal combustion engines". in THIESEL Conference on Thermo- and Fluid Dynamic Processes in Direct Injection Engines. 2016. Valencia, Spain.

Schiffmann, P., Sick, V. and Foucher, F. "Multi-diagnostics Analysis of Flow Induced Combustion Variability at SI Engine-Like Conditions". in 18th International Symposium on the Application of Laser and Imaging Techniques to Fluid Mechanics. 2016. Lisbon, Portugal.

Schiffmann, P., Gupta, S., Reuss, D., Sick, V., Yang, X. and Kuo, T.-W., "TCCIII - Engine Benchmark for Large Eddy Simulation of IC Engine Flows," Oil & Gas Science and Technology  71 (1), 1-27 (2016)    10.2516/ogst/2015028

Shekhawat, Y., Haworth, D. C., D’adamo, A., Fontanesi, S., Schiffmann, P., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V. "An Experimental and Simulation Study of Early Flame Development in a Homogeneous-Charge Spark-Ignition Engine". in Large-Eddy Simulation for Internal Combustion Engines. 2016. Rueil-Malmaison, France: IFP Energies Nouvelles.


Abraham, P. S., Yang, X., Gupta, S., Kuo, T. W., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., "Flow-pattern switching in a motored spark ignition engine," International Journal of Engine Research  16 (3), 323-339 (2015)    10.1177/1468087414565400

Chen, H., Lillo, P. M. and Sick, V. Single-shot 3D imaging of fuel injection in a spark-ignited direct-injection gasoline engine. in 12th International Congress, Engine Combustion Processes, Current Problems and Modern Technologies. 2015. Ludwigsburg, Germany: ESYTEC.

Chen, H., Lillo, P. M. and Sick, V., "3D spray-flow interaction in a spark-ignition direct-injection engine," International Journal of Engine Research,  accepted for publication  (2015)  

Chen, H., Lillo, P. M. and Sick, V. Single-shot 3D imaging of fuel injection in a spark-ignited direct-injection gasoline engine. in Proceedings of 27th Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems - Americas. 2015. Raleigh, NC, USA.

Fansler, T. D., Reuss, D. L., Sick, V. and Dahms, R. N., "Invited Review: Combustion instability in spray-guided stratified-charge engines: A review," International Journal of Engine Research  16 (3), 260-305 (2015)    10.1177/1468087414565675

Haworth, D. C., Anand, A., Kuo, T.-W., Reuss, D. L., Rutland, C. J., Sick, V., Schiffmann, P., Shekhawat, Y., Dam, N. V. and Yang, X., Cycle-to-Cycle Variations in a Homogeneous-Charge Spark-Ignition Engine: An Integrated Experimental and Simulation Investigation, in 9th U.S. National Combustion Meeting. 2015, Combustion Institute: Cincinnati, OH, USA. 2C15.

Lillo, P. M., Greene, M. L. and Sick, V., "Plenoptic Single-Shot 3D Imaging of In-Cylinder Fuel Spray Geometry," Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie  229 (4), 549–560 (2015)    10.1515/zpch-2014-0601

Nien, H., Fessler, J. A. and Sick, V., Model-based image reconstruction of chemiluminescence using a plenoptic 2.0 camera, in IEEE International Conference on Image Processing. 2015: Quebec City, Canada. 388-5KXc-163.

Peterson, B., Baum, E., Böhm, B., Sick, V. and Dreizler, A., "Spray-induced temperature stratification dynamics in a gasoline direct-injection engine," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute  35 (3), 2923-2931 (2015)    10.1016/j.proci.2014.06.103

Schiffmann, P., Gupta, S., Reuss, D., Sick, V., Yang, X. and Kuo, T.-W., "TCCIII - Engine Benchmark for Large Eddy Simulation of IC Engine Flows," Oil & Gas Science and Technology, accepted for publication (2015)  

Shekhawat, Y., Schiffmann, P., Haworth, D. C., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., A thickened-flame model for large-eddy simulation of homogeneous-charge spark-ignition engine combustion, in 9th U.S. National Combustion Meeting. 2015, Combustion Institute: Cinncinati, OH, USA. 1C06.


Jainski, C., Lu, L., Sick, V. and Dreizler, A., "Laser imaging investigation of transient heat transfer processes in turbulent nitrogen jets impinging on a heated wall," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer  74, 101-112 (2014)    10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2014.02.072

Abraham, P. S., Liu, K., Haworth, D., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., "Evaluating LES and PIV with Phase-Invariant POD," Oil and Gas Science and Technology 69 (1) 41-59 (2014) (Open Access)  http://dx.doi.org/10.2516/ogst/2013126

Mosburger, M., Sick, V. and Drake, M. C., "Quantitative high-speed imaging of burned gas temperature and equivalence ratio in internal combustion engines using alkali metal fluorescence," International Journal of Engine Research 15 (3), 282-297  (2014)    10.1177/1468087413476291

Peterson, B., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., "On ignition and flame development in a spray-guided direct-injection spark-ignition engine," Comb. and Flame  161 (1), 240-255 (2014)    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2013.08.019

Peterson, B., Baum, E., Böhm, B., Sick, V. and Dreizler, A., "Spray-induced temperature stratification dynamics in a gasoline direct-injection engine" Presentation at 35th Symposium (Int.) on Combustion, San Francisco, 2014


Abraham, P. S., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., "High-speed particle image velocimetry study of in-cylinder flows with improved dynamic range," SAE Paper 2013-01-0542  (2013)   

Brusnahan, M., Lu, L. and Sick, V., "Parasitic heating effects in high frame rate laser imaging experiments," Applied Physics B-Lasers and Optics  111 (4), 651-658 (2013)    10.1007/s00340-013-5392-7

Chen, H., Reuss, D. L., Hung, D. L. S. and Sick, V., "A practical guide for using proper orthogonal decomposition in engine research," International Journal of Engine Research  14 (4), 307-319 (2013)    10.1177/1468087412455748

Greene, M. and Sick, V., "Volume-resolved flame chemiluminescence and laser-induced fluorescence imaging," Applied Physics B  Online First  (2013)    10.1007/s00340-013-5664-2

Jainski, C., Lu, L., Dreizler, A. and Sick, V., "High-speed micro particle image velocimetry studies of boundary-layer flows in a direct-injection engine," International Journal of Engine Research  14 (3), 247-259 (2013)    10.1177/1468087412455746 


Mosburger, M., Sick, V. and Drake, M. C., "Quantitative high-speed burned gas temperature measurements in internal combustion engines using sodium and potassium fluorescence," Applied Physics B-Lasers and Optics  110 (3), 381-396 (2013)    10.1007/s00340-012-5266-4

Peterson, B., Baum, E., Böhm, B., Sick, V. and Dreizler, A. High-speed flow and temperature imaging of fuel injection in a direct-injection spark-ignition engine. in 11th International Congress, Engine Combustion Processes, Current Problems and Modern Technologies. 2013. Ludwigsburg, Germany.

Peterson, B., Baum, E., Böhm, B., Sick, V. and Dreizler, A., "Evaluation of toluene LIF thermometry detection strategies applied in an internal combustion engine," Applied Physics B, submitted (2013)   

Peterson, B., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., "On ignition and flame development in a spray-guided direct-injection spark-ignition engine," Comb. and Flame, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2013.08.019 (2013)   

Peterson, B., Baum, E., Boehm, B., Sick, V. and Dreizler, A., "High-speed PIV and LIF imaging of temperature stratification in an internal combustion engine," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute  34, 3653-3660 (2013)    10.1016/j.proci.2012.05.051

Schiffmann, P., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V. High-speed three-component flow visualization of slow flow variations. in 11th International Congress, Engine Combustion Processes, Current Problems and Modern Technologies. 2013. Ludwigsburg, Germany: ESYTEC.

Sick, V., "High Speed Imaging in Fundamental and Applied Combustion Research," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute  34 (2), 3509 - 3530 (2013)    10.1016/j.proci.2012.08.012



Abraham, P. S., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., Identifying Outlying Cycles through Phase-Invariant Proper Orthogonal Decomposition of High-Speed Flow Data from an Optical Engine, in Combustion Institute Central States 2012 Spring Meeting. 2012: Dayton, OH. Paper # 030IC-0053.

Abraham, P. S., Liu, K., Haworth, D., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., Evaluating LES and PIV with phase-invariant POD, in LES4ICE, C. Angelberger, Editor. 2012, IFP Energies Nouvelles: Rueil-Malmaison, France.

Brusnahan, M., Lu, L. and Sick, V., Parasitic heating effects in high frame rate laser imaging experiments, in Combustion Institute Central States 2012 Spring Meeting. 2012: Dayton, OH. Paper # 030CD-0034.

Chen, H., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., "On the use and interpretation of proper orthogonal decomposition of in-cylinder engine flows," Measurement Science & Technology 23, 085302 (2012) 10.1088/0957-0233/23/8/085302

Cundy, M. E. and Sick, V., An approach to identify boundary layer temperature field structures in internal combustion engines, in 2012 CI/CS Spring Technical Meeting. 2012: Toronto, CA. Paper # 02-001.

Jainski, C., Lu, L., Dreizler, A. and Sick, V. High-Speed Micro Particle Image Velocimetry Studies of Boundary Layer Flows in a Direct-Injection Engine. in 10th International Symposium on Internal Combustion Diagnostics. 2012. Baden-Baden, Germany: AVL.

Jainski, C., Lu, L., Dreizler, A. and Sick, V., "High-Speed Micro Particle Image Velocimetry Studies of Boundary Layer Flows in a Direct-Injection Engine," International Journal of Engine Research, 10.1177/1468087412455746 (2012) 10.1177/1468087412455746

Peterson, B., Baum, E., Böhm, B., Sick, V. and Dreizler, A., "High-speed PIV and LIF imaging of temperature stratification in an internal combustion engine,"Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 34, 10.1016/j.proci.2012.05.051 (2012) 10.1016/j.proci.2012.05.051

Peterson, K., Regaard, B., Heinemann, S. and Sick, V., Single-Camera, Three-Dimensional Particle Tracking Velocimetry, in 16th Int Symp on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics. 2012: Lisbon, Portugal.

Peterson, K., Regaard, B., Heinemann, S. and Sick, V., High-speed single-camera three-dimensional particle-tracking velocimetry, in Combustion Institute Central States 2012 Spring Meeting. 2012: Dayton, OH. Paper # 030CD-0017.

Peterson, K., Regaard, B., Heinemann, S. and Sick, V., "Single-camera, three-dimensional particle tracking velocimetry," Optics Express 20 (8), 9031–9037 (2012)

Schiffmann, P., Abraham, P. S., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., High-speed three-component flow imaging in an optical engine, in Combustion Institute Central States 2012 Spring Meeting. 2012: Dayton, OH. Paper # 030IC-0019.

Sick, V., Invited Topical Review: High Speed Imaging in Fundamental and Applied Combustion Research, in 34th Symposium (International) on Combustion. 2012, The Combustion Institute: Warsaw, Poland.

Sick, V., Chen, H., Abraham, P. S., Reuss, D. L., Yang, X., Gopalakrishnan, V., Xu, M. and Kuo, T.-W., Proper-Orthogonal Decomposition Analysis For Engine Research, in Direkteinspritzung im Ottomotor, VIII Forschungsergebnisse und aktueller Entwicklungsstand bei der Benzin-Direkteinspritzung, U. Spicher, Editor. 2012, Expertverlag: Renningen. 1-12.

Sick, V., Reuss, D. L., Rutland, C., Haworth, D., Oefelein, J., Kuo, T.-W. and Yang, X., A common engine platform for engine LES development and validation, inLES4ICE, C. Angelberger, Editor. 2012, IFP Energies Nouvelles: Rueil-Malmaison, France.



Chen, H., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., Analysis of misfires in a direct injection engine using Proper-Orthogonal Decomposition, in 7th US National Combustion Meeting2011, Combustion Institute: Atlanta, GA.

Chen, H., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., "Analysis of misfires in a direct injection engine using Proper-Orthogonal Decomposition," Experiments in Fluids (2011) 10.1007/s00348-011-1133-z

Cundy, M. E., Trunk, P., Dreizler, A. and Sick, V., High-speed toluene laser induced fluorescence temperature imaging, in 7th US National Combustion Meeting. 2011: Atlanta, GA.

Cundy, M. E., Trunk, P., Dreizler, A. and Sick, V., "Gas-Phase Toluene LIF Temperature Imaging Near Surfaces at 10 kHz," Experiments in Fluids, DOI 10.1007/s00348-011-1137-8 (2011)

Eckerle, W., Rutland, C., Rohlfing, E., Singh, G., Mcilroy, A., Genzale, C., Oefelein, J., Haworth, D., Sick, V., Deur, J., Klippenstein, S., Miles, P. and Taatjes, C., A Workshop to Identify Research Needs and Impacts in Predictive Simulation for Internal Combustion Engines (PreSICE) 2011, DoE: Washington, DC,http://science.energy.gov/~/media/bes/pdf/reports/files/PreSICE_rpt.pdf

Peterson, B., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., "High-speed imaging analysis of misfires in a spray-guided direct injection engine," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 33 (2), 3089-3096 (2011) 10.1016/j.proci.2010.07.079

Peterson, B. R., Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V. Advantages of high-speed imaging in engine research. in Engine Combustion Processes: Current Problems and Modern Techniques (Xth Congress). 2011. München, Germany: Haus der Technik: ESYTEC Energie- und Systemtechnik GmbH, Erlangen.



Alharbi, A. Y. and Sick, V., "Investigation of Boundary Layers in Internal Combustion Engines using a Hybrid Algorithm of High Speed Micro-PIV and PTV,"Experiments in Fluids 49 (4), 949 - 959 (2010) 10.1007/s00348-010-0870-8

Conger, A., Gilchrist, B., Holloway, J., Huang-Saad, A., Sick, V. and Zurbuchen, T., Experiential Learning Programs for the Future of Engineering Education, in IEEE Transforming Engineering Education: Creating Interdisciplinary Skills for Complex Global Environments. 2010, IEEE: Dublin, Ireland.

Mosburger, M. J. and Sick, V., "Single laser detection of CO and OH via laser induced fluorescence," Applied Physics B 99, 1-6 (2010) DOI 10.1007/s00340-010-3896-y

Peterson, B. and Sick, V. High-speed flow and fuel imaging study of available spark energy in a spray-guided direct injection engine and implications on misfires. in9th International Symposium on Internal Combustion Diagnostics. 2010. Baden-Baden, Germany: AVL.

Peterson, B. and Sick, V., "High-speed flow and fuel imaging study of available spark energy in a spray-guided direct injection engine and implications on misfires,"International Journal of Engine Research 11 (5), 313-329 (2010) 10.1243/14680874JER587

Sick, V., Optical diagnostics for direct-injection gasoline engine research and development, in Advanced direct injection combustion engine technologies and development. Volume 1: Gasoline and gas engines, H. Zhao, Editor. 2010, Woodhead Publishing Limited Cambridge, UK. 260-286.

Sick, V., Drake, M. C. and Fansler, T. D., "High-speed imaging for direct-injection gasoline engine research and development," Experiments in Fluids 49 (4), 937-947 (2010) 10.1007/s00348-010-0891-3

Sick, V., Reuss, D., Rutland, C., Haworth, D., Oefelein, J., Janicka, J., Kuo, T.-W. and Freitag, X. Y., A Common Engine Platform for Engine LES Development and Validation, in LES4ICE, C. Angelberger, Editor. 2010, IFP Energies Nouvelles: Rueil-Malmaison, France.



Alharbi, A. and Sick, V. Investigation of Boundary Layer in Internal Combustion Engines using High-Speed Micro-PIV. in 6th U.S. National Combustion Meeting. 2009. Ann Arbor: The Combustion Institute.

Beach, M. W., Vozar, S. E., Filipi, S. Z., Shmakov, A. G., Shvartsberg, V. M., Korobeinichev, O. P., Morgan, T. A., Hu, T. I. and Sick, V., "Screening approaches for gas-phase activity of flame retardants," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 32 (2), 2625–2632 (2009)

Cundy, M. E., Schucht, T., Thiele, O. and Sick, V., "High-speed laser-induced fluorescence and spark plug absorption sensor measurements for mixing and combustion studies in engines," Applied Optics 48 (4), 94-104 (2009)

Cundy, M. E. and Sick, V., "Hydroxyl radical imaging at kHz rates using a frequency quadrupled Nd:YLF laser," Applied Physics B 96, 241-245 (2009) 10.1007/s00340-009-3597-6

Cundy, M. E., Schucht, T., Thiele, O. and Sick, V. Crank angle resolved fuel and combustion product gas measurements near the spark electrodes in a direct-injection engine. in Engine Combustion Processes: Current Problems and Modern Techniques (IXth Congress). 2009. München, Haus der Technik: ESYTEC Energie- und Systemtechnik GmbH, Erlangen.

Drake, M. C., Fansler, T. D., Cundy, M. and Sick, V., High-Repetition-Rate Mie Scattering and Particle-Image Velocimetry for Flow and Combustion Diagnostics in a Direct-Injection Gasoline Engine, in 6th U.S. National Combustion Meeting. 2009, The Combustion Institute: Ann Arbor, MI.

Fajardo, C. M. and Sick, V., "Development of a high-speed UV particle image velocimetry technique and application for measurements in internal combustion engines," Experiments in Fluids 46 (1), 43-53 (2009) 10.1007/s00348-008-0535-z

Fajardo, C. M. and Sick, V., "Kinetic Energy and Dissipation Rate Spectra of High- and Low- Swirl Internal Combustion Engine Flows," SAE Paper 2009-01-0651 (2009)

Filipi, Z. and Sick, V., Combustion in Diesel Engines, in Combustion Phenomena: Selected Mechanisms of Flame Formation, Propagation, and Extinction, J. Jarosinski and B. Veyssiere, Editors. 2009, CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group: Baton Raton, FL. 220.

Natarajan, V. K., Sick, V., Reuss, D. L. and Silvas, G., "Effect of Spark-Ignition on Combustion Periods during Spark-Assisted Compression Ignition," Combustion Science and Technology 181 (9), 1187-1206 (2009) 10.1080/00102200903074253

Peterson, B. and Sick, V. Simultaneous flow field and fuel concentration measurements for ignition studies in a spray-guided spark-ignited direct-injection optical engine. in 6th U.S. National Combustion Meeting. 2009. Ann Arbor: The Combustion Institute.

Peterson, B. and Sick, V., "Simultaneous flow field and fuel concentration imaging at 4.8 kHz in an operating engine," Applied Physics B 97 (4), 887-895 (2009) 10.1007/s00340-009-3620-y

Peterson, K. H., Drake, M. C., Fansler, T. D. and Sick, V., Quantifying Effects of Spark-Plug Orientation in a Direct-Injection Gasoline Engine using High-Repetition-Rate Particle-Image Velocimetry, in 6th U.S. National Combustion Meeting. 2009: Ann Arbor, MI.

Sick, V. and Westbrook, C. K., "Diagnostic implications of the reactivity of fluorescence tracers," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 32, 913-920 (2009) 10.1016/j.proci.2008.05.012

Smith, J. D. and Sick, V., Combustion in Spark Ignition Engines, in Combustion Phenomena: Selected Mechanisms of Flame Formation, Propagation, and Extinction, J. Jarosinski and Bernard Veyssiere, Editors. 2009, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group: Baton Raton, FL. 220.



Beach, M. W., Leugers, M. A., Morgan, T. A., Hu, T. I., Vozar, S., Filipi, S., Sick, V., Shmakov, A. G., Shvartsberg, V. M. and Korobeinichev, O. P. Application of Combustion Science Diagnostic Techniques to an Improved Understanding of Flame Retardant Gas-Phase Activity. in 5th Fire &Polymer Symposium; Spring 2008 ACS National Meeting & Exposition 2008. New Orleans, LA: ACS.

Beach, M. W., Vozar, S. E., Filipi, S. Z., Sick, V., Shmakov, A. G., Shvartsberg, V. M., Korobeinichev, O. P., Morgan, T. A., Leugers, M. A. and Hu, T. I. Application of combustion science diagnostic techniques to an improved understanding of flame retardant gas-phase activity. in Spring 2008 ACS Meeting, Polymeric Materials: Science & Engineering. 2008.

Chin, M. K., Smith, J. D. and Sick, V., "Cycle-resolved NO measurements in a spray-guided SIDI engine using fast exhaust measurements and high-speed OH* chemiluminescence imaging," SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 1 (1), 570-577 (2008)

Fajardo, C. M. and Sick, V. High-speed UV Particle Image Velocimetry. in LACSEA 2008. 2008. St. Petersburg, FL: OSA.

Luong, M. Y., Zhang, R., Schulz, C. and Sick, V., "Toluene laser-induced fluorescence for in-cylinder temperature imaging in internal combustion engines," Applied Physics B 91, 669–675 (2008) 10.1007/s00340-008-2995-5

Moscetti, J. P., Gilroysmith, B. and Sick, V., "Design and development of a turbocharged E85 engine for Formula SAE Racing," SAE Paper 2008-01-1774 (2008)

Reuss, D., Kuo, T.-W., Silvas, G., Natarajan, V. and Sick, V., "Experimental Metrics for Identifying Origins of Combustion Variability during Spark Assisted Compression Ignition," International Journal of Engine Research 9 (5), 409-434 (2008) 10.1243/14680874JER01108

Sick, V. and Fajardo, C. M. Development and Application of High-Speed Imaging Diagnostics for Spray-Guided Spark-Ignition Direct-Injection Engines. in 8th International Symposium on Internal Combustion Diagnostics. 2008. Baden-Baden, Germany: AVL.

Sick, V., Teaching in the Fastlane, in Get Involved! 2008, The University of Michigan, Division of Student Affairs: Ann Arbor, MI.



Fajardo, C. M., Sick, V., Schiessl, R. and Maas, U. Analysis of the turbulent flow field in a constant-volume combustion vessel using planar particle image velocimetry data. in PIV 2007. 2007. Rome, Italy.

Fajardo, C. M., Sick, V. and Reuss, D. L. Engine in-cylinder turbulence assessment using sub-millimeter resolution PIV. in PIV 2007. 2007. Rome, Italy.

Fajardo, C. M. and Sick, V., "Flow field assessment in a fired spray-guided spark-ignition direct-injection engine based on UV particle image velocimetry with sub crank angle resolution," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 31 (2), 3023-3031 (2007) doi:10.1016/j.proci.2006.08.016

Mcilroy, A., Mcrae, G., Sick, V., Siebers, D. L., Westbrook, C. K., Smith, P. J., Taatjes, C., Trouve, A. and Wagner, A. F., BASIC RESEARCH NEEDS FOR CLEAN AND EFFICIENT COMBUSTION OF 21st CENTURY TRANSPORTATION FUELS. 2007, Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy: Washington, D.C.,http://www.sc.doe.gov/bes/reports/files/CTF_rpt.pdf

Sick, V. Towards 4D+ Imaging. in Frontiers in Optics 2007/Laser Science XXIII. 2007. San Jose, CA: OSA.

Smith, J. D. and Sick, V., "Quantitative, dynamic fuel distribution measurements in combustion-related devices using laser-induced fluorescence imaging of biacetyl in iso-octane," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 31 (1), 747-755 (2007) doi:10.1016/j.proci.2006.07.049

Smith, J. D. and Sick, V., "The Prospects of Using Alcohol-Based Fuels in Stratified-Charge Spark-Ignition Engines," SAE Paper 2007-01-4034 (2007)

Zhang, R. and Sick, V., "Multi-Component Fuel Imaging in a Spray-Guided Spark-Ignition Direct-Injection Engine," SAE Paper 2007-01-1826 (2007)



Fajardo, C. M., Smith, J. D. and Sick, V., "Sustained simultaneous high-speed imaging of scalar and velocity fields using a single laser," Applied Physics B-Lasers and Optics 85 (1), 25-30 (2006) 10.1007/s00340-006-2368-x

Fajardo, C. M., Smith, J. D. and Sick, V., "PIV, high-speed PLIF and chemiluminescence imaging for near-spark-plug investigations in IC engines," Journal of Physics: Conference Series 45, 19-26 (2006) doi:10.1088/1742-6596/45/1/003

Patterson, B. D., Settersten, T. B., Kronemayer, H., Sick, V., Bessler, W. G., Schulz, C. and Daily, J. W. Measurements of direct quenching from NO A 2Σ+(v’=0) to X2Π(v”=0). in LACSEA 2006. 2006. Incline Village, NV: Optical Society of America.

Settersten, T. B., Patterson, B. D., Kronemayer, H., Sick, V., Schulz, C. and Daily, J. W., "Branching ratios for quenching of nitric oxide A2S +(v'=0) to X2P(v''=0),"Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 8 (45), 5328-5338 (2006) 10.1039/b608619e

Sick, V. and Smith, J. D. Laser Combustion Diagnostics, Application to Engines. in LACSEA. 2006. Incline Village: Optical Society of America.

Smith, J. D. and Sick, V. Real-Time Imaging of Fuel Injection, Ignition and Combustion in a Direct-Injected Spark-Ignition Engine. in ILASS 2006. 2006. Toronto, CA: ILASS.

Smith, J. D. and Sick, V., "A Multi-Variable High-Speed Optical Study of Ignition Instabilities in a Spray-Guided Direct-Injected Spark-Ignition Engine," SAE Paper 2006-01-1264 (2006)

Smith, J. D. and Sick, V., "Factors Influencing Spark Behavior in a Spray-Guided Direct-Injected Engine," SAE Paper 2006-01-3376 (2006)

Zhang, R. and Sick, V. Experimental Investigation of Sequential Evaporation in an Optical Engine by Two-Tracer Laser-Induced Fluorescence (LIF). in 2006 National SWE Conference. 2006. Kansas City, MO: SWE.

Zhang, R., Bohac, S. V. and Sick, V., "Stability of isooctane mixtures with 3-pentanone or biacetyl as fluorescence tracers in combustion experiments," Exp. Fluids 40, 161-163 (2006)



Daily, J. W., Settersten, T. B., Bessler, W. G., Schulz, C. and Sick, V. A Computer Code to Simulate Laser Excitation and Collision Dynamics in Nitric Oxide. in 4th Joint Meeting of the US Sections of the Combustion Institute. 2005. Philadelphia.

Daily, J. W., Bessler, W. G., Schulz, C., Sick, V. and Settersten, T. B., "Role of Non-Stationary Collisional Dynamics in Determining Nitric Oxide Laser Induced Fluorescence Spectra," AIAA Journal 43 (3), 458-464 (2005)

Driscoll, J. J., Sick, V., Farrow, R. L., Schrader, P. E., Rizos, T. and Lindstedt, R. P., "NO reburn and formation chemistry in methane diffusion flames," Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie 219, 679-698 (2005)

Fajardo, C. M., Smith, J. D. and Sick, V. PIV, high-speed PLIF and chemiluminescence imaging for near-spark-plug investigations in IC engines. in 2nd International Conference on Optical and Laser Diagnostics. 2005. London, ENGLAND.

Fajardo, C. M. and Sick, V. Flow Field Imaging Near the Spark Plug in a Fired IC Engine. in 2005 National SWE Conference. 2005. Anaheim Convention Center, Anaheim, CA.

Fissenewert, U. and Sick, V., "Cycle-resolved investigation of in-cylinder and exhaust NO in a spray-guided gasoline direct-injection engine: Effect of intake temperature and simulated exhaust gas recirculation," SAE Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, 1213-1228 (2005)

Fissenewert, U., Sick, V. and Pucher, H., "Characterization of combustion and NO formation in a spray-guided gasoline direct-injection engine using chemiluminescence imaging, NO-PLIF, and fast NO exhaust gas analysis," SAE Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, 786-803 (2005)

Gibaud, C., Snyder, J. A., Sick, V. and Lindstedt, R. P., "Laser induced fluorescence measurements and modeling of absolute CH concentrations in strained laminar methane/air diffusion flames," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 30 (1), 455-463 (2005)

Koban, W., Koch, J. D., Sick, V., Wermuth, N., Hanson, R. K. and Schulz, C., "Predicting LIF signal strength for toluene and 3-pentanone under engine-related temperature and pressure conditions," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 30, 1545 - 1553 (2005)

Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V., "Inhomogeneities in HCCI combustion: an imaging study," SAE Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, 867-882 (2005)

Schulz, C. and Sick, V., "Tracer-LIF Diagnostics: Quantitative Measurement of fuel concentration, temperature and fuel/air ratio in practical combustion systems," Prog. Energy Combust. Science 31, 75-121 (2005)

Settersten, T. B., Patterson, B. D., Kronemayer, H., Sick, V., Bessler, W. G., Schulz, C. and Daily, J. W. Population Cycling in Laser-Induced Fluorescence Detection of NO. in The 4th Joint Meeting of the U.S. Sections of the Combustion Institute. 2005. Philadelphia: Combustion Institute.

Sick, V. and Mccann, H., Imaging Diagnostics for Combustion Control, in Process Imaging for Automatic Control, H. McCann and D. Scott, Editors. 2005, CRC Press, Taylor&Francis Group: Boca Raton. 263-297.

Smith, J. D. and Sick, V., "High-speed fuel tracer fluorescence and OH radical chemiluminescence imaging in a spark-ignition direct-injection engine," APPLIED OPTICS 44 (31), 6682-6691 (2005)

Smith, J. D. and Sick, V., "Crank-Angle Resolved Imaging of Biacetyl Laser-Induced Fluorescence in an Optical Internal Combustion Engine," Applied Physics B 81 (5), 579-584 (2005) DOI 10.1007/s00340-005-1947-6

Smith, J. D. and Sick, V., "Crank-Angle Resolved Imaging of Fuel Distribution, Ignition and Combustion in a Direct-Injection Spark-Ignition Engine," SAE Transactions Journal of Engines 114, 1575-1585 (2005)

Stojkovic, B. D., Fansler, T. D., Drake, M. C. and Sick, V., "High-Speed Imaging of OH* and Soot Temperature and Concentration in a Stratified-Charge Direct-Injection Gasoline Engine," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 30, 2657 - 2665 (2005)

Wermuth, N. and Sick, V., "Absorption and fluorescence data of acetone, 3-pentanone, biacetyl, and toluene at engine-specific combinations of temperature and pressure," SAE Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants 114, 804-814 (2005)



Daily, J. W., Bessler, W. G., Schulz, C., Sick, V. and Settersten, T. B. Role of Non-Stationary Collisional Dynamics in Determining Nitric Oxide LIF Spectra. in 42nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit. 2004. Reno, NV: AIAA.

Daily, J. W., Bessler, W. G., Schulz, C., Sick, V. and Settersten, T. B. Nonstationary collisional dynamics in determining nitric oxide laser-induced fluorescence spectra. in Conference on Aerodynamic Measurement Technique. 2004. Reno, NV.

Daily, J. W., Bessler, W. G., Schulz, C., Sick, V. and Settersten, T. Role of Model Complexity on the Prediction of Nitric Oxide LIF Spectra. in LACEA. 2004. Annapolis, MD: Optical Society of America.

Lin, M.-T. and Sick, V., "Is toluene a suitable LIF tracer for fuel film measurements?," SAE Paper 2004-01-1355 (2004)

Lindstedt, R. P., Louloudi, S. A., Driscoll, J. J. and Sick, V., "Finite Rate Chemistry Effects in Turbulent Reacting Flows," Flow, Turbulence and Combustion 72, 407-426 (2004)

Miles, P., Choi, D., Megerle, M., Rempelewert, B., Reitz, R. D., Lai, M.-C. D. and Sick, V., "The Influence of Swirl Ratio on Turbulent Flow Structure in a Motored HSDI Diesel Engine - A Combined Experimental and Numerical Study," SAE Transactions Journal of Engines, 1094-1129 (2004)

Miles, P. C., Megerle, M., Nagel, Z., Liu, Y., Reitz, R. D., Lai, M.-C. and Sick, V., The Influence of Swirl and Injection Pressure on Post Combustion Turbulence in a HSDI Diesel Engine, in Thermo- and Fluid Dynamic Processes in Diesel Engines 2, J. H. Whitelaw, F. Payri, C. Arcoumanis and J. M. Desantes, Editors. 2004, Springer: Heidelberg. 133-160.

Rico iii, J. and Sick, V., "Correlation of Spray Cone Angle and Fuel Line Pressure in a Pressure-Swirl Injector Spray," SAE Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, 1066-1071 (2004)

Sick, V. and Wermuth, N., "Single-shot imaging of OH radicals and simultaneous OH radical/acetone imaging with a tunable Nd:YAG laser," Applied Physics B 79 (2), 139-143 (2004) DOI 10.1007/s00340-004-1545-z

Snyder, J. A., Ronald O. Grover, J., Sick, V. and Assanis, D. N., "Transient spray cone angles in pressure-swirl injector sprays," SAE Transactions Journal of Engines, 1451-1458 (2004)

Vanzieleghem, B. P., Chryssakis, C. A., Grover, R. O., Assanis, D. N., Im, H. G. and Sick, V. Gasoline Direct Injection Modeling and Validation with Engine Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence Experiments. in 14th International Multidimensional Engine Modeling User's Group Meeting. 2004. Detroit, MI.

Vanzieleghem, B. P., Chryssakis, C. A., Grover, R. O., Sick, V. and Assanis, D. N. Modeling of Gasoline Direct Injection Mixture Formation with KIVA-3V and Validation with Optical Engine Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence Measurements: Development of an Extended Coherent Flamelet Model. in COMODIA. 2004. Yokohama, Japan.

Vanzieleghem, B. P., Chryssakis, C. A., Grover, R. O., Sick, V. and Assanis, D. N. Modeling of Gasoline Direct Injection Mixture Formation with KIVA-3V and Validation with Optical Engine Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence Measurements: Development of Spray Breakup and Wall Impingement Models. in COMODIA. 2004. Yokohama, Japan.

Zhang, R., Wermuth, N. and Sick, V., "Impact of fluorescence tracers on combustion performance in optical engine experiments," SAE Transactions Journal of Engines, 1520-1528 (2004) Bessler, W. G., Schulz, C., Sick, V. and Daily, J. W., LIFSIM. 2003, http://www.lifsim.com.



Bessler, W. G., Schulz, C., Sick, V. and Daily, J. A versatile modeling tool for nitric oxide LIF spectra. in 3rd Joint Meeting of the US Sections of the Combustion Institute. 2003. Chicago, Ill.

Driscoll, J. J., Sick, V., Farrow, R. L. and Schrader, P. E. NO concentration profiles in methane/air counterflow diffusion flames measured with ps-LIF. in 3rd Joint Meeting of the US Combustion Institute Sections. 2003. Chicago, Ill.

Driscoll, K. D., Sick, V. and Gray, C., "Simultaneous Air/Fuel-Phase PIV Measurements in a Dense Fuel Spray," Exp. Fluids 35 (1), 112-115 (2003)

Driscoll, K. D., Sick, V. and Gray, C. A dual-PIV approach to two-phase flow measurements in fuel sprays. in ILASS Americas, 16th Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems. 2003. Monterey, CA.

Frieden, D. and Sick, V., "A two-tracer LIF strategy for quantitative oxygen imaging in engines applied to study the influence of skip-firing on in-cylinder oxygen contents of an SIDI engine," SAE Paper 2003-01-1114 (2003)

Frieden, D. and Sick, V., "Investigation of the fuel injection, mixing and combustion processes in an SIDI engine using quasi-3D LIF imaging," SAE Transactions Journal of Engines, 270-281 (2003)

Gibaud, C. and Sick, V. LIF measurements of CH profiles in methane/air counterflow diffusion flames. in 3rd Joint Meeting of the US Sections of the Combustion Institute. 2003. Chicago, Ill.

Miles, P., Megerle, M., Nagel, Z., Reitz, R. D., Lai, M.-C. D. and Sick, V., "An experimental assessment of turbulence production, Reynolds stress and length scale (dissipation) modeling in a swirl-supported DI Diesel engine," SAE Transactions Journal of Engines, 1470-1499 (2003)

Reuss, D. L. and Sick, V. Investigation of HCCI Combustion with Combined PLIF Imaging and Combustion Analysis. in 3rd Joint Meeting of the US Sections of the Combustion Institute. 2003. Chicago, Ill.

Sick, V. and Rask, R. New laser-based imaging diagnostics for IC engines within the UM-GM-Collaborative Research Laboratory. in 2003 American Flame Research Committee. 2003. Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA.

Sick, V. Nitric oxide formation and removal in non-premixed flames. in Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute: Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Fall Technical Meeting. 2003. Penn State University, University Park, PA: The Combustion Institute.

Sick, V., Driscoll, J. F. and Ceccio, S. L. Spectroscopic and instrumentation needs for quantitative measurements in non-stationary high-pressure combustion systems. in Joint Army -Navy-NASA-Air Force (JANNAF) 39th Combustion Subcommittee (CS), 27th Airbreathing Propulsion Subcommittee (APS), 21st Propulsion Systems Hazards Subcommittee (PSHS), and 3rd Modeling and Simulation Subcommittee (MSS). 2003. Colorado Springs, Colorado.: JANNAF.

Weaver, C., Wooldridge, S., Johnson, S., Sick, V. and Lavoie, G., "PLIF Measurements of Fuel Distribution in a PFI Engine under Cold Start Conditions," SAE Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, 2548-2547 (2003) 



Chryssakis, C. A., Driscoll, K. D., Sick, V. and Assanis, D. N. Validation of an enhanced liquid sheet atomisation model against quantitative laser diagnostic measurements. in ILASS Europe. 2002. Zaragoza, Spain.

Driscoll, J. J., Sick, V., Farrow, R. L. and Schrader, P. E. Corrections for quantitative NO concentration measurements using time-resolved picosecond laser-induced fluorescence. in Laser Application for Chemical and Environmental Analysis. 2002. Boulder, CO, USA: OSA.

Driscoll, J. J., Sick, V., Farrow, R. L. and Schrader, P. E., "Measurements of NO Distributions and Fluorescence Lifetimes in a Nonpremixed Counterflow CH4 /Air Flame Using Picosecond Time-Resolved Laser-Induced Fluorescence," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 29, 2719-2726 (2002)

Frieden, D., Sick, V., Gronki, J. and Schulz, C., "Quantitative oxygen imaging in an engine," Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 74 (1), 137 -141 (2002) DOI 10.1007/s00340-002-0992-7

Funk, C. O., Sick, V., Reuss, D. L. and Dahm, W. J. A., "Turbulence Properties of high and low swirl in-cylinder flows," SAE Paper 2002-01-2841 (2002)

Lin, M.-T. and Sick, V., "Mixture Evaporation Characteristics Prediction for LIF Measurements Using PSRK (Predictive Soave-Redlich-Kwong) Equation of State," SAE Transactions Journal of Fuels and Lubricants 111, 1490-1499 (2002)

Megerle, M., Sick, V. and Reuss, D. L., "Measurement of Digital PIV Precision using Electrooptically-Created Particle-Image Displacements," Measurement Science and Technology 13, 997 - 1005 (2002)

Miles, P., Megerle, M., Hammer, S., Nagel, Z., Reitz, R. and Sick, V., "Late-Cycle Turbulence Generation in Swirl-Supported, Direct Injection Diesel Engines," SAE Transactions Journal of Engines, 1510-1529 (2002)

Miles, P. C., Megerle, M., Sick, V., Richards, K. and Reitz, R., "Measurements and Modeling of Reynolds Stress and Turbulence Production in a Swirl-Supported, Direct-Injection Diesel Engine," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 29, 719- 726 (2002)

Miles, P. C., Megerle, M., Nagel, Z., Liu, Y., Reitz, R. D., Lai, M.-C. and Sick, V. The Influence of Swirl and Injection Pressure on Post Combustion Turbulence in a HSDI Diesel Engine. in Thiesel. 2002. Valencia, Spain.

Reuss, D. L., Megerle, M. and Sick, V., "PIV Measurement Errors when Imaging through a Transparent Engine Cylinder," Measurement Science and Technology 13, 1029 - 1035 (2002)

Sick, V., "Exhaust-gas imaging via planar laser-induced fluorescence of sulfur dioxide," Applied Physics B 74 (4-5), 461-463 (2002) DOI 10.1007/s003400200813



Hemming, B. L., Crosley, D. R., Harrington, J. E. and Sick, V., "Collisional quenching of high rotational levels in A2S+ OH," Journal of Chemical Physics 115 (7), 3099-3104 (2001)

Megerle, M., Sick, V. and Reuss, D. L. Measurement of Digital PIV Precision using Electrooptically-Created Particle-Image Displacements. in 4th International Symposium on PIV. 2001. Göttingen, Germany.

Miles, P. C., Megerle, M., Sick, V., Richards, K. and Reitz, R. Measurement and modeling of large-scale structures and turbulence in a high-speed direct-injection Diesel engine. in COMODIA 2001. 2001. Nagoya, Japan.

Miles, P. C., Megerle, M., Sick, V., Richards, K., Nagel, Z. and Reitz, R., "The evolution of flow structures and turbulence in a fired HSDI Diesel engine," SAE Paper 2001-01-3501 (2001)

Reuss, D. L., Megerle, M. and Sick, V. PIV Measurement Errors when Imaging through a Transparent Engine Cylinder. in 4th International Symposium on PIV. 2001. Göttingen, Germany.

Sanders, W., Ceccio, S. L. and Sick, V. Applicability of Electrical Capacitance Tomography to the Study of Gasoline Direct Injection Sprays and Combustion. in 2nd World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography. 2001. Hannover, Germany.

Sick, V. and Stojkovic, B. D., "Attenuation effects on imaging diagnostics of hollow-cone sprays," Applied Optics 40 (15), 2435 - 2442 (2001)

Sick, V., Hartman, M. R., Arpaci, V. and Anderson, R. W., "Turbulent Scales in A Fan-Stirred Combustion Bomb," Comb. and Flame 127, 2119-2123 (2001)

Sick, V. and Driscoll, K. D. Experimental Investigation of Droplet Size Distributions in a Fan Spray. in ILASS Americas, 14th Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems. 2001. Dearborn, MI, USA.

Stojkovic, B. D. and Sick, V., "Evolution and impingement of an automotive fuel spray investigated with simultaneous Mie/LIF techniques," Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics 73 (1), 75-83 (2001) DOI 10.1007/s003400100598




Allen, M. G., Shaw, R. W. and Sick, V., eds. Laser Applications to Chemical and Environmental Analysis. Applied Optics, ed. J. R. Murray. Vol. 38. 1999, Optical Society of America: Washington, D.C.

Böckle, S., Einecke, S., Hildenbrand, F., Orlemann, C., Schulz, C., Wolfrum, J. and Sick, V., "Laser-spectroscopic investigation of OH-radical concentrations in the exhaust plane of jet engines," Geophysical Research Letters 26 (13), 1849-1852 (1999)

Delhaye, B. and Sick, V., eds. Modeling and Diagnostics in Diesel and SI Engines. SAE Special Publications. Vol. SP 1460. 1999, Society of Automotive Engineers.

Hildenbrand, F., Schulz, C., Wagner, E. and Sick, V., "Investigation of spatially resolved light absorption in a SI engine fueled with propane/air," Applied Optics 38 (9), 1452 - 1458 (1999)

Hildenbrand, F., Schulz, C., Sick, V., Jander, H. and Wagner, H. G. Applicability of KrF excimer laser induced fluorescence in sooting high-pressure flames. in VDI Flammentag Dresden. 1999: VDI Verlag.

Schulz, C., Sick, V., Meier, U., Heinze, J. and Stricker, W., "Quantification of NO A-X(0,2) LIF: Investigation of calibration and collisional influences in high-pressure flames," Appl. Opt. 38, 434-1443 (1999)

Sick, V. and Hartman, M. Turbulence length-scales in a fan-stirred combustion bomb, measured via particle-imaging velocimetry. in 52nd Annual Meeting of the Division of Fluid Dynamics. 1999. New Orleans: American Physical Society.

Sick, V., "Deriving quantitative concentration distributions from planar laser-induced fluorescence measurements in engines," Journal of Flow Visualization and Image Processing 6, 313-331 (1999) Einecke, S., Schulz, C. and Sick, V. Dual-wavelength temperature measurements in an IC engine using 3-pentanone laser-induced fluorescence. in Laser Applications to Chemical and Environmental Analysis. 1998. Orlando, FL: OSA.



Einecke, S., Schulz, C., Sick, V., Schießl, R., Dreizler, A. and Maas, U., "Two-dimensional temperature measurements in an SI engine using two-line tracer LIF," SAE Paper 982468 (1998)

Hildenbrand, F., Schulz, C., Sick, V., Josefsson, G., Magnusson, I., Andersson, Ö. and Alden, M., "Laser spectroscopic investigation of flow fields and NO-formation in a realistic SI engine," SAE Transactions 107 (Journal of Engines, Section 3), 205-214 (1998)

Josefsson, G., Magnusson, I., Hildenbrand, F., Schulz, C. and Sick, V., "Multidimensional laser diagnostic and numerical analysis of NO formation in a gasoline engine," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 27, 2085-2092 (1998)

Krämer, H., Einecke, S., Schulz, C., Sick, V., Nattras, S. R. and Kitching, J. S., "Simultaneous mapping of the distribution of different volatility classes using tracer LIF and NIR tomography in an IC engine," SAE Transactions 107 (Journal of Engines, Section 4), 1048-1059 (1998)

Schulz, C., Wolfrum, J. and Sick, V., "Comparative study of experimental and numerical NO profiles in SI combustion," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 27, 2077-2084 (1998)

Sick, V., Hildenbrand, F. and Lindstedt, R. P., "Quantitative laser-based measurements and detailed chemical kinetic modeling of nitric oxide concentrations in methane/air counterflow diffusion flames," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 27, 1401 - 1409 (1998) 



Brandt, M., Hoeren, A., Eckert, D., Krämer, H., Ridder, M. and Sick, V. A laser-based study of kerosine evaporation and mixing in a premix duct for gas turbines at elevated pressure. in 7th International Conference on Laser Anemometry - Advances and Applications. 1997. Karlsruhe, Germany.

Dreizler, A., Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J., "Applied laser spectroscopy in technical combustion systems," Berichte Der Bunsen-Gesellschaft-Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 101 (5), 771-782 (1997)

Dreizler, A., Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J., "ASPECTS AND TOPICS: Applied Laser diagnostic analysis of combustion processes," Berichte der Bunsengesellschaft für Physikalische Chemie 101, 771-782 (1997)

Eigenmann, L., Meisl, J., Koch, R., Wittig, S., Krämer, H., Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J. Validierung von pdf Modellansätzen mittels Messungen mit laserinduzierter Fluoreszenz. in 19. Deutscher Flammentag. 1997. Delft, Netherlands: VDI Verlag.

Hemming, B. L., Harrington, J. E., Sick, V. and Crosley, D. R. Rotational state dependence of electronic quenching of A2 S+ OH. in 213th ACS National Meeting. 1997. San Francisco, CA: American Chemical Society, Washington.

Schulz, C., Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J. Mehrlinien LIF zur quantitativen Beobachtung von Temperatur- und Konzentrationsfeldern in technischen Prozessen in Lasergestützte Verbrennungsdiagnostik. in 19. Deutschen Flammentag. 1997. Delft: VDI-TZ Düsseldorf.

Schulz, C., Sick, V., Heinze, J. and Stricker, W., "Laser-induced fluorescence detection of nitric oxide in high-pressure flames using A-X(0,2) excitation," Appl. Opt. 36, 3227-3232 (1997)

Sick, V., Mehrdimensionale laserspektroskopische Messung von Stickoxid in der motorischen Verbrennung, A. Leipertz, Editor. 1997, ESYTEC (Energie- und Verfahrenstechnik GmbH): Erlangen, Germany. 177-190.

Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J., Applied Laser Spectroscopy in Combustion Devices, in Atomic Physics Methods in Modern Research, K. Jungmann, J. Kowalski, I. Reinhardt and F. Träger, Editors. 1997, Springer Verlag: Heidelberg. 271-281.Decker, M. and Sick, V., "Tunable KrCl Excimer Laser Operation for Combustion Diagnostics," Applied Optics 35 (3), 482-484 (1996) 



Decker, M., Sick, V., Heinze, J. and Stricker, W. 2D-Temperature measurements in high-pressure flames using LIF of molecular oxygen. in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics. 1996. Anaheim, CA: Optical Society of America.

Ebert, V., Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J., "Einsatz der Lasermeßtechnik zur Diagnostik und Optimierung von technischen Verbrennungsprozessen," tm -Techn. Messen 63 (7/8), 268-277 (1996)

Farrow, R. L., Bui-Pham, M. N. and Sick, V., "Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing Measurements of Methyl Radical Distributions in Hydrocarbon Flames: Comparison with Model Predictions," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 26, 975 - 984 (1996)

Großmann, F., Monkhouse, P. B., Ridder, M., Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J., "Temperature and pressure dependences of the laser-induced fluorescence of gas-phase acetone and 3-pentanone," Applied Physics B 62 (3), 249-253 (1996) DOI 10.1007/BF01080952

Hemming, B. L., Harrington, J. E., Sick, V. and Crosley, D. R. Rotational level dependence of collisional quenching of electronically excited OH. in American Geophysical Union Meeting. 1996. San Francisco, CA.

Rachner, M., Brandt, M., Eickhoff, H., Hassa, C., Bräumer, A., Krämer, H., Ridder, M. and Sick, V., "A numerical and experimental study of fuel evaporation and mixing for lean premixed combustion at high pressure," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 26, 2741 - 2748 (1996)

Schulz, C., Sick, V., Heinze, J. and Stricker, W., A new approach to laser-induced fluorescence detection of nitric oxide in high pressure flames, in Laser Applications to chemical and environmental analysis, OSA Technical Digest Series. 1996, Optical Society of America: Washington DC. 133-135.

Schulz, C., Sick, V., Wolfrum, J., Drewes, V., Zahn, M. and Maly, R., "Quantitative 2D single-shot imaging of NO concentrations and temperatures in a transparent SI engine," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 26, 2597-2604 (1996)

Sick, V., Decker, M., Heinze, J. and Stricker, W., "Collisional Processes in the B state of O2," Chem. Phys. Lett. 249, 335-340 (1996)



Wolfrum, J. and Sick, V., Feuer im Laserlicht, in Ruperto Carola. 1996. 4-15.Bräumer, A., Decker, M., Sick, V., Wolfrum, J., Maly, R. R., Zahn, M., Hentschel, W. and Schindler, K.-P., Nutzung der 2D-Laser-Induzierten Fluoreszenz (2D-LIF) in der motorischen Verbrennung, A. Leipertz, Editor. 1995, ESYTEC (Energie- und Verfahrenstechnik GmbH): Erlangen, Germany. 196-205.

Bräumer, A., Sick, V., Wolfrum, J., Drewes, V., Zahn, M. and Maly, R., "Quantitative Two-Dimensional Measurements of Nitric Oxide and Temperature Distributions in a Transparent Square Piston SI Engine," SAE Paper 952462 (1995)

Bräumer, A., Decker, M., Ro, S., Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J. 2D-Laser Temperature and NO Concentration Measurements in a Domestic Natural Gas Burner. in Third International Conference on Combustion Technologies for a Clean Environment. 1995. Lisbon, Portugal.

Cousyn, B. and Sick, V., eds. Diagnostics in Diesel and SI Engines. Vol. SP-1122. 1995, Society of Automotive Engineers.

Roller, A., Arnold, A., Decker, M., Sick, V., Wolfrum, J., Hentschel, W. and Schindler, K.-P., "Non-Intrusive temperature measurements during the compression phase of a DI Diesel engine," SAE Technical Paper Series 952461 (1995)

Schulz, C., Yip, B., Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J., "A Laser-Induced Fluorescence Scheme for Imaging Nitric Oxide in Engines," Chem. Phys. Lett. 242, 259-264 (1995)

Sick, V. and Szabadi, M., "Einstein Coefficients for Oxygen B-X Transitions used in LIF Experiments with tunable KrF Excimer Lasers," Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 54, 891-898 (1995)



Sick, V., Bui-Pham, M. N. and Farrow, R. L., "Detection of Methyl Radicals in a Flat Flame using Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing," Optics Letters 20 (19), 2036-2038 (1995) Orth, A., Sick, V., Wolfrum, J., Maly, R. R. and Zahn, M., "Simultaneous 2D-Single Shot Imaging of OH Concentrations and Temperature Fields in a SI Engine Simulator," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 25, 143 - 150 (1994) 



Seeger, S., Sick, V., Volpp, H.-R. and Wolfrum, J., "Laser Applications in Chemistry and Biology: Stimulation, Observation and Manipulation," Israel Journal of Chemistry 34 (5-18) (1994) Arnold, A., Bräumer, A., Buschmann, A., Decker, M., Dinkelacker, F., Heitzmann, T., Orth, A., Schäfer, M., Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J., "2D-Diagnostics in Industrial Devices," Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1650-1661 (1993)

Arnold, A., Buschmann, A., Cousyn, B., Decker, M., Sick, V., Vannobel, F. and Wolfrum, J., "Simultaneous Imaging of Fuel and Hydroxyl Radicals in an In-Line Four Cylinder SI Engine," SAE Transactions 102 (Journal of Engines, Section 4), 1-9 (1993)

Kompa, K., Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J., eds. Laser Diagnostics for Industrial Processes. Berichte der Bunsengesellschaft für Physikalische Chemie. Vol. 97. 1993, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH: Weinheim.

Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J. Absolute laser spectroscopic measurements of NO concentrations to study the formation of NO in laminar counterflow diffusion flames. in Joint Meeting of the British/German Sections of the Combustion Institute. 1993. Cambridge, UK.

Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J., Flammen unter der Lupe, in Technische Rundschau. 1993. 64 - 67.

Sick, V., Arnold, A., Bräumer, A., Buschmann, A., Decker, M., Dinkelacker, F., Heitzmann, T., Orth, A., Schäfer, M., Schindler, K.-P., Szabadi, M. and Wolfrum, J.Messung momentaner Temperatur- und Konzentrationsfelder bei der motorischen Verbrennung durch zweidimensionale laserinduzierte Fluoreszenz. in VDI Flammentag. 1993. Clausthal, Germany: VDI Verlag.



Arnold, A., Dinkelacker, F., Heitzmann, T., Monkhouse, P., Schäfer, M., Sick, V., Wolfrum, J., Hentschel, W. and Schindler, K.-P., "DI Diesel engine combustion visualized by combined laser techniques," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 24, 1605-1612 (1992)



Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J. Laser technology - A powerful Research Tool to Improve Natural Gas Combustion. in EUROGAS 92. 1992. Trondheim.Sick, V., Arnold, A., Wolfrum, J. and Thiele, K.-U. LDA flow field and flow front measurements in counterflow diffusion flames. in 4th International Conference on Laser Anemometry. 1991. Cleveland, OH: ASME, New York.



Arnold, A., Becker, H., Hemberger, R., Hentschel, W., Ketterle, W., Köllner, M., Meienburg, W., Monkhouse, P., Neckel, H., Schäfer, M., Schindler, K.-P., Sick, V., Suntz, R. and Wolfrum, J., "Laser-In-Situ Monitoring of Combustion Processes," Applied Optics 29 (33), 4860-4872 (1990)

Sick, V., Arnold, A., Dießel, E., Dreier, T., Ketterle, W., Lange, B., Wolfrum, J., Thiele, K.-U., Behrendt, F. and Warnatz, J., "Two-dimensional laser diagnostics and modeling of counterflow diffusion flames," Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 23, 495-501 (1990)



Kleinermanns, K., Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J., "Laser für die Spektroskopie," Nachrichten aus Chemie Technik und Laboratorium 37 (Sonderausgabe Spektroskopie), 109-123 (1989)

Sick, V. and Wolfrum, J. Laserdiagnostik von Gegenstrom-Diffusionsflammen. in 5. TECFLAM-Seminar. 1989. Stuttgart, Germany.